Bruxism is a non-normal (abnormal) habit that is characterized by tightening or gritting of teeth that can occur both during the day and unconscious during nighttime sleep
It is present in a significant number of people even in children. Patients often recognize the problem of bruise either because they perceive it when they clench their teeth during the day or by the noise that makes their teeth grind at night. A large part of the population may not know they are bruxists.
Bruxism has multifactorial aetiology.
Because bruising often occurs during the night, the physiology of sleep has been extensively studied. Recent research suggests that brugality is associated with sleep disturbances as well as difficulty breathing during sleep with a more prominent example of Obstructive Sleep Apnea. In addition, there are strong indications that brugality is associated with disorders of the central nervous system.
A large number of psychosocial factors that affect our lifestyle seem to increase the likelihood of bruising. People with anxiety or simply anxious and intense lifestyle appear to be at a higher risk of bruising. Stress seems to be mainly a bogey during the day and not a night bark. A high-risk group also includes people with depression, smokers or substance abuse people.
(especially after breakfast wake up)
(not associated with ear pathology such as otitis)
in the area of the face, the temples, the neck and / or the shoulders
Difficulty in opening the mouth
Annoyances and / or sounds in the area of the temporomandibular structure
Sounds from teeth grinding during sleep
As far as night barking is concerned, the most important part of the treatment involves the construction of a suitable personalized rigid acrylic narthex which the patient wears overnight. This splint, if properly designed, helps to protect the teeth and relax the masseter muscles that over-function during bruising.
Particular care must be taken in selecting a suitably constructed burglar splint. An inappropriate splint is not simply ineffective, but it can also ggravate the events of the bruise.
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